Return to: | Courses Home |

The Power Point Presentations can be viewed directly using Internet Explorer or can be downloaded by clicking the right mouse button and viewed using Power Point or the PowerPoint 97 Viewer. Exams will all be essays; guidelines for writing an essay are provided at the end of the objectives.

The following textbooks have student study guides with practice tests that can help you organize your knowledge:





8. Define learning and describe the major focus and assumptions of the behavioral, cognitive, constructivistic, humanistic, and social cognitive theories of learning. Describe some implications of classroom and school practice that can be derived from these theories. [PPT Presentation] 

Behavioral Theories

Cognitive Theories

16. Define critical thinking and discuss why it is an important topic to be addressed by today's educators. How is critical thinking similiar to and different from creativity? [Hummel & Huitt, 1994][PPT Presentation]

Classroom Processes


20. Describe why planning is an important classroom activity. Name and define the major steps often used by educators in the planning process. Provide an original example of how you might use this process. Write an instructional objective for six different topics according to the standards set forth by either Mager or Gronlund.  [PPT Presentation--Planning] [PPT Presentation--Objectives]



Affective/Emotional Theories

30. Name and discuss the major principles and objectives of humanistic education. Describe what a teacher might do in order to implement these principles. Summarize the findings from the meta-analyses examining the outcomes of open education discussed in your text. Include findings regarding both achievement and affective outcomes. [PPT Presentation]

Conation, Volition, and Self-Regulation

31. Name and discuss the major viewpoints and theories related to conation, volition, and self-regulation in the systems model of human behavior. [PPT Presentation]

32. Define the terms self-concept and self-esteem and discuss how these might influence learning. [PPT Presentation]

33. Name and discuss the stages in Maslow's hierarchy of needs. How does this theory relate to achieving excellence in the nine areas of life presented in the "Becoming a Brilliant Star" exercise discussed in class? [PPT Presentation]

34. Discuss social learning theory and the social cognition theory of learning. Define conation, describe how it works and how it might develop. How does goal-setting impact conation and learning? How does conation relate to self-regulation and self-control? What can educators do to help students develop conation? [PPT Presentation-Social Learning and Social Cognition] [PPT Presentation-Conation]

35. Describe some implications of social learning theory and social cognition theory for instructional practice. How can cooperative learning be incorporated into a direct instruction format? What would we have to do to encourage the development of self-regulation? How does this theory relate to the research on the impact of teacher expectations and efficacy on student performance. What can teachers do to maximize the positive effects of teacher efficacy? [Ashton, 1984] [PPT Presentation]

Points of Agreement

Summary of Learning and Developmental Theories

Model of Human Behavior



In general, when you write an answer to an essay question you should follow the format you learned in Freshman English:

Some examples of good essay writing are provided by the Educational Testing Service, developer of the GRE-Writing Test.

There are a number of common errors in student writing that you should avoid. If you are not comfortable with writing, you might want to write some sample essays have have them checked by someone in the student writing center located in West Hall, Room 204.

Last updated: January 2005