"An Ocean of Knowledge"
Exploring the wonders of the deep Blue Sea
 Designed by Mrs. T. Enfinger for the 5th Grade Science Inclusion Class
 


Introduction to the Deep Blue Sea

Have you ever wondered why the ocean tastes so salty, what causes waves so big that we are able to surf, why we sometimes feel as they we are being carried away by the force of the water, or what really lives beneath the surface of the ocean? If so, come along with us as we explore the wonders of the deep blue sea!


 
 
 
Attention Crew Members:
The following links have been collected in order to help us expand our knowledge of the ocean and the animals that live within it. During our unit we will explore these sites in order to complete 2 missions which will be assigned, so get your SCUBA gear ready and dive with us into the deep blue sea!

 
 
1.At Seaworld in Florida you can visit the Animal Information Database and take an Aquatic Safari. You'll learn about animals as large as the blue whale and others as small as zooplankton, which are even smaller than the eraser on the end of your pencil! You can even hear animal sounds and how they communicate at this cool site!
2. Have you ever wondered why the ocean has waves? What about why the ocean is salty? If so, visit Enchanted Learning to find the answers to these questions and many more!
3.  Do you think you know everything there is to know about the "Water Planet"? Visit this site to test your knowledge of ocean trivia! Find out how much of the earth's surface is covered by water, which is the largest ocean, and much, much more!
4.  Do you want to learn more about the oceans that surround us? If so, visit OceanQuest, the online encyclopedia of oceanography, to become an ocean fact expert!
5.  Do you know what the word "buoyancy" means? What is the "Continental Shelf" and the "Abyss"? To find out visit "Bob...the ex-lab rat" and check out the underwater activities and experiments.
6.  Have you ever wondered why large ships sometime seem to just disappear or what causes ships to become damaged and even sink? Visit the The Rudiments of Wisdom Cartoon Encyclopedia to learn how waves can cause so much damage(just click on the letter "w" and scroll down to waves). You can also click on any letter and search for topics of interest such as sharks, whales, shrimp, and other animals of the ocean.

More about Alvin

7. Have you ever wondered how scientists investigate the ocean floor? If so, visit the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to learn about Alvin and other vehicles that take scientists or a "scientist presence" under the ocean to observe, sample, and conduct experiments. 
8.  Until the Spring of 2000, there were only four recognized oceans on the earth. A fifth ocean that encompasses the southern portions of the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and Pacific Ocean has since been added. Visit The World Fact Book to find out the name of this new ocean and its ranking in size compared to the others.
9.  Have you ever wondered what the bottom of the ocean looks like? Is it flat, does it have hills, mountains or holes just like the land that we walk on?  What causes islands to form, etc? Find out the answers to these questions and more as you explore the ocean floor including the continental shelf, slope and rise
10. Marine animals have been given the nickname "Marine Megastars" at this site because of the amazing ways that they have adapted over time. Here, you can vote on the animal with the most magnificent molars, the best long distance traveler, the best animal acrobat, and the best grub getter. Visit and vote today!

 
Mission Scenario #1

You have been given a job as an educational expert at Sea World in Orlando. As an educational expert at Sea World you are required to know everything there is to know about many animals that live in the ocean and to teach others about these animals. A major part of your job is to educate children about life forms within the ocean. Your first presentation will be in 2 days and your audience will be 4th and 5th graders from a local elementary school. Your goal is to research (with your group) any animal that lives within the ocean and develop a visual aid to accompany your presentation. You must be prepared to answer all questions asked by the students (refer to Step #3). 

Steps to Complete Your Mission Scenario

1.  Review any of the websites listed that include information on marine animals. 

Ocean Animals              Salt Water Animals        Orcas
Virtual Aquarium           Sharks                      Manatee
Planet Ocean                Whales                      Penguins
Coral & Coral Reefs         Bottlenose Dolphins
Rudiments of Wisdom (click on the first letter of the animal's name and then find your animal and click again)

2.  Discuss with your assigned group the many different animals that are presented and choose one to focus your mission on.
3.  After making your decision, use any site listed or research one of your own in order to find the following information:

      a.  Scientific Classification
      b.  Habitat of Animal (depth of water,etc.)
      c.  Physical Characteristics
      d.  Senses
      e.  Special Adaptations
      f.  Diet/Eating Habits
      g.  Predators
      h.  Nurturing Characteristics (Caring for Young)
      i.  Include what you believe is the most interesting fact about your 
         chosen animal.

4.  Record your information in your learning log.
5.  Create a visual to go along with your findings. This may be a poster
    a book, a handout, or an imformative pamphlet. 

     ****Rules: You can only have one computer printed picture of your animal on your visual. You MUST have at least one original drawing of your animal IN his natural habitat.

6.  Present your findings to the class along with your visual.
 
 

5th Grade QCC Objectives for Mission #1:

Science
Standard 17:
Compares different kinds of animals and their protective adaptations. (color, physical structure, etc.)
Standard 32:
Recognizes that ocean water varies in the content of dissolved materials, its physical properties, and the living things it supports. 
Tech.-
Standard 10:
Uses telecommunication tools and on-line resources to communicate with others, gather information, and express ideas.

Grading Rubric for Scenario #1


Beginning

1

Developing

2

Accomplished

3

Score
5th Grade
Technology QCC:
Standard 10
Uses telecommunication tools and online resources to communicate with others
Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas with extra help or assistance. Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas with some help or assistance. Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas independently.  
5th Grade Science QCC: Standard 17
Compares different kinds of animals and their protective adaptations. (color, physical structure, etc.)
Student is able to compare different kinds of animals and their  protective adaptations with extra help or assistance. Student is able to compare differnt kinds of animals and their protective adaptations with some help or assistance. Student is able to compare different kinds of animals and their protective adaptations independently.  
5th Grade Science QCC: Standard 32
Recognizes that ocean water varies of dissolved materials, its physical properties, and things it supports.
Student recognizes that ocean water varies in its physical properties and the things it supports with extra help or assistance. Student reocognizes that ocean water varies in its physical properties and the things it supports with some help or assistance. Student recognizes that ocean water varies in its physical properties and the things it supports with some help or assistance.  

 
 
Mission Scenario #2

Your second mission as an educational expert at Seaworld consists of compiling information concerning the 5 oceans of the world and creating a graphic visual. You will report this information along with your graph to representatives from the Oceans Alive project in order to help them project the migratory distance of several marine animals being observed. This information is very important to the project and the success of your presentation determines whether you will be promoted to "Director of Educational Experts".

The information you will be looking for is the area, the average depth, and the maximum depth for the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean and the newly recognized Southern Ocean. You will find the chart at Zoom School to be very helpful during your mission. After viewing the chart at this site, use the materials provided in the math center to create a 
bar graph that accurately represents 2 out of the 3 pieces of information for all 5 oceans. For more information that may be helpful while you construct your graph click HERE!  When you get to this site, choose bar graphs and it will provide you with further information.
 

Steps to Complete Your Mission

1. Your goal is to construct a bar graph that accuarately represents 2 out of the 3 pieces of  information listed below about the 5 oceans of the world:
             a.  Area of the oceans
             b.  Average depth of each
             c.  Maximum depth of each

2.  To find the information needed, visit Zoom School.

3.  When you get to Zoom School, scroll down to the chart and choose the information you want to include on your graphs (area, average depth, maximum depth). Remember that you must include the information chosen for ALL 5 OCEANS listed.

4.  Use the materials provided in the math center to create the bar graphs needed to visually portray the information requested.  Your final product will be 2 seperate graphs (One for each piece of information you choose to represent).

5.  As you complete your graphs, display them on the bulletin board in the designated area. We will share these graphs during class in two days.

6.  Upon completion of the two assigned graphs, you may complete a 3rd graph for extra credit. The extra credit is due by __(insert due date here)__. 
 
 

5th Grade QCC Objectives for Mission #2

Math:
Standard 31
Collects and organizes data into tallies, charts, and tables; determines appropriate scale and constructs bar graphs and pictographs.
Technology:
Standard 10
Uses telecommunication tools and on-line resources to communicate with others, gather information, and express ideas.

 Grading Rubric for Scenario #2


Beginning

1

Developing

2

Accomplished

3

Score
5th Grade
Technology QCC:
Standard 10
Uses telecommunication tools and online resources to communicate with others
Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas with extra help or assistance. Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas with some help or assistance. Student is able to use telecommunication tools and online resources to gather information and express ideas independently.  
5th Grade Math QCC: 
Standard 31
Collects and organizes data into tallies, charts, and tables; determines appropriate scale and constructs bar graphs and pictographs
Student is able to collect and organize data into a graph and determine appropriate scale and construct the bar graph with extra help or assistance. Student is able to collect and organize data into a graph and determine appropriate scale and construct the bar graph with some help or assistance. Student is able to collect and organize data into a graph and determine appropriate scale and construct the bar graph independently.   

 

tenfinger@decatur.k12.ga.us


 


 
 

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